How many Brits are there in California?
To be honest, we have no idea. The figure could be as high as
500,000 in Southern California alone. The Brits fit in so well that they do not need to form a
separate community. There are, of course, pubs and tea shops all
over the the state, as well as numerous British
societies and organizations where you can find Brits en masse. You
will find Brits in key positions in every walk of life in California: running large companies, doing leading edge scientific
research, and making music, movies and television.
Brits and Los Angeles
Brits have been prominent in Los Angeles for a century. William Mulholland, the man who (to quote a
recent Los Angeles Times article) "made Los Angeles possible" by
establishing the city’s water supply in the early 20th century,
hailed from Belfast. Griffith Griffith, whose bequest built the
eponymous Griffith Park and Griffith Observatory (two of the great
treasures of the city), was a Welshman. Londoner Charlie Chaplin was
a pivotal figure in the early development of Hollywood. The
quintessential Los Angeles fiction writer Raymond Chandler was a
Brit. So too is the artist whose paintings have become icons of
modern Los Angeles: David Hockney. The Brits have not been mere
visitors, they are part of the fabric of Los Angeles.
The Brit Who Built Los Angeles
An Article by BritWeek Chairman Bob Peirce
British architect John Parkinson arrived in Los Angeles in 1894
and over the course of the next four decades created many of the
city's iconic buildings. These include the Coliseum, City Hall,
Bullocks Wilshire and Union Station. Parkinson and his son Donald,
who joined his father's practice in 1920, created many other
buildings around town, notably in the Pershing Square area and on
the University of Southern California campus.
Parkinson was born in 1861 in the county of Lancashire in North
West England. He served an apprentice in the town of Bolton,
Lancashire and simultaneously attended night school to learn
architecture and engineering. He emigrated to North America at age
21, working in Winnipeg and Minneapolis, returned to England for a
while and then moved to Napa in California. In 1889 he opened an
architectural practice in Seattle, where he did well for a while but
lost money in the financial crash of 1893. Failing to gain
commissions in Seattle, he moved south to Los Angeles.
After setting up his office on Spring Street between 2nd and 3rd,
Parkinson began to prosper in the fast growing city of Los Angeles.
He built the Homer Laughlin building at Broadway and 3rd (1896), and
the Susana Machado Bernard House (1901), a 10,000 square foot Gothic
Revival mansion on Lake Street, now a registered Historic Cultural
Monument. Then came the Braly Block at Spring Street and 4th (1904),
which was the first skyscraper built in Los Angeles. It was named
for a Gold Rush pioneer called John Hyde Braly, and for 24 years it
was the tallest building in town at 175 feet.
The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum opened in 1923. It had cost
$955,000 to construct. Built as a memorial to veterans of World War
1, it was the largest stadium in the United States with a capacity
of 76,000, which was expanded to over 100,000 for the 1932 Olympics.
The Coliseum has been host to two Olympic Games (1932 and 1984) as
well as to Super Bowls and the World Series. It was declared a
National Historic Landmark the day before the 1984 Olympics began.
The fine City Hall was completed in 1928. At 32 floors and 454
feet, it became the tallest building in Los Angeles and remained so
until 1964. Bullocks Wilshire, completed the following year, marked
a revolution both in store design and in the very business of
shopping. The concept of driving rather than walking to the store
began with Bullocks, which was well to the west of downtown and had
parking in the rear. The development of Wilshire Boulevard and the
neighborhoods to the west of the city followed. Bullocks is no
longer a department store, but its magnificent 240 foot tower
sheathed in copper is still an LA landmark and, like so many of
Parkinson's creations, the building is listed in the National
Register of Historic Places.
Union Station opened in 1939. Although John Parkinson died in
1935, he and his son had led the team of architects (including Jan
van der Linden) who designed the magnificent building, the last of
the great railway stations constructed across the United States. The
station combines a number of architectural styles: Dutch Colonial
(suggested by Van der Linden), Mission Revival and Streamline
Moderne. The waiting room is imposing and ornate; the garden patios
are charming and informal; the whole is a masterpiece of many
different influences and effects. It is yet another Parkinson
building listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
We are fortunate that so many of John Parkinson's achievements
are still here to be seen. Lancashire can be very proud of his work,
defining as it does the formative years of modern Los Angeles. John
Parkinson was the Brit who built LA.